Summer can be a difficult time to grow vegetables in the south. Some vegetable crops suffer from the hottest days, but many others thrive! America’s most popular crops, including tomatoes, corn, peppers, squash, melons and beans, need the summer heat to bear fruit. But in order to achieve the most productive performance of your garden in these months, you should be vigilant about some things.
First of all, make sure that your plants receive enough water. Most plants need 1 to 1 ½ inches a week. Garden hoses are a great way to provide this water to the plant by drip irrigation. The pipes allow water to seep in slowly. This method is very effective because it places the water at ground level. Evaporation is eliminated, the root zone is soaked, and the foliage remains dry.
Then place your soaking hoses on the timer if possible. They relieve you of the worry of having to follow this task, to water yourself. An additional advantage of automatic timers is the ability to set them on the water at any time of the day or night.
Besides drought, the other big browbeat to your garden in summer is pests. This is one of the reasons why it is a good idea to plant plants in the warm season right after the risk of frost. Many common pests in summer gardens become a major problem only after in the Season. At this stage, early planted vegetables are already exceeding the point where they are most browbeat. But for the various pests that you can see in your garden, there are several ways to control them. First of all, inspect your garden as often as possible for pests to control populations and minimize damage as soon as possible. Be sure to identify the error that you think is a pest. In fact, only about three percent of beetles and insects are considered parasites. The others are useful (good for the garden) or neutral. Whenever possible, select all the Parasites that You can. If you put the product in a cup of soapy water, the work is done. It works well for most pests, including Squash bugs, Colorado potato beetles and cutworms.
In my opinion, the second line of defense when it comes to pest control is to use the least toxic methods. This includes organic controls such as B. T (Bacillus thuringiensis). B. T is a bacterium that, When ingested, paralyzes the digestive tract of some insect larvae. B. T products are specific to pests, so they do not harm beneficial insects and are not toxic to mammals. It can be used until harvest.
Then in your Arsenal of pest control defense should be insecticides or horticultural oils. These products are derived from plants and oil that finish the eggs and immature stages of insects by blocking their oxygen supply. Do not apply these products to plants when temperatures are below 40 or above 85 degrees Fahrenheit or when plants are stressed, for example due to drought. Applications at these times can damage plants.
Insecticidal soaps are another good choice, consisting mainly of fatty acids. These products act on contact by paralyzing insects. They end up starving to pass away. These soaps are good for pests such as aphids, whiteflies and spider mites.
Finally, but very effective would be the use of synthetic insecticides. These are the artificial chemicals that you buy in garden centers that have a lot of different names. Most of these products are not selective. They kill badly or usefully any insect with which they come into contact. They can also be very toxic to humans and other animals. If you want to use them in your garden, always read and follow the instructions on the label. The best time to apply insecticides is in the evening. At that time, most of the pollinating insects retreated for the night, and the pollen-filled flowers closed until the morning. By then, a large part of the toxicity is reduced, and the Exposure to beneficial agents is sharply reduced. The worst time to apply non-selective pesticides is in the morning, after the flowers have opened. The use Of insecticides at this stage will surely eliminate a lot of ladybugs, soldier bugs and pollinating insects like honey and bumblebees.
Summer is a good time for the garden. Remember, Knowledge is Power. The more you know about gardening, the more you have to trust the challenges you face and welcome them.