A Proper Pruning Techniques for Trees

One of the main reasons to prune branches is to open the canopy of your landscape so that more sun can reach the low-growing grass and shrubs. It also ensures a more balanced and aesthetic appearance.

However, there is a right and wrong way to prune these limbs. If done correctly, the trees recover quickly, but the wrong pruning can cause a snowball effect with negative consequences.

Three-step Approach

I propose a three-step approach to pruning branches. Make the first cut about a foot or two from the log. This cut begins at the bottom of the limb and goes inside, but only halfway. This is a very important step in this Process.

The second cut is one or two feet beyond the first Cut. This cut goes down and all the way through the branch. The branch is likely to break when you move around the limb. Since you have already made the first cut, the bark does not tear further into the trunk of the tree.

Without the first cut, when the branch comes off the weight of the limb, all the remaining parts of the tree (The adhering and uncut bark) go with it and also tear off the bark from the tree. This creates a large potential problem that allows a large open wound and an entry point for pests and ailments.

The final cut is located directly on the neck of the branch, where the branch meets the trunk. Here you will notice an exposed area. Make the last cut so that the Flair is just obvious. If cut properly, this tissue heals and eventually fills with new bark or scar tissue. You will know that the tree heals properly if you notice what looks like a doughnut that forms where you made the pruning.


The best time to remove the branches is in after autumn until the end of winter (during the rest period). The pathogens are inactive and therefore do not pose a serious Risk for Damage to Your dar Trees. However, a cool cut or wound during the warmer months can be an easy entry point for ailments and pests.

Note that there are trees that “bleed” excessively when cutting. This is juice that oozes from the fresh cut. Although it looks serious and unaesthetic, it does not cause any harm. Some trees that are particularly susceptible to bleeding are beech, birch, Elm, maple and yellow wood.

You might tend to treat fresh cuts or wounds with tree paint or dressings that are sold and marketed as such. My suggestion is that it is rarely necessary and most of the time actually slows down the natural healing process. Trees perfectly adapt to adverse conditions, so I advise you to make a clean pruning and leave it alone.

Pruning branches can greatly improve the appearance and health of your entire landscape if you follow the above guidelines. Shortcuts or circumcisions at the wrong time can lead to other problems after.

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